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Facts Are Facts Wali Khan 27.pdf


The Truth Behind India's Partition: A Review of "Facts Are Facts" by Wali Khan




India's partition in 1947 was one of the most traumatic and controversial events in the history of the subcontinent. It resulted in the creation of two independent states, India and Pakistan, and the displacement and death of millions of people. The official narrative of the partition is that it was a result of the irreconcilable differences between Hindus and Muslims, and the demand for a separate homeland by the Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. However, in his book "Facts Are Facts: The Untold Story of India's Partition", Wali Khan challenges this narrative and exposes the hidden motives and machinations behind the partition.




Facts Are Facts Wali Khan 27.pdf



Who is Wali Khan?




Wali Khan was a prominent Pakistani politician and leader of the Awami National Party (ANP), a secular and nationalist party that represents the Pashtun people of Pakistan and Afghanistan. He was also the son of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, also known as Bacha Khan or Badshah Khan, a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi and a staunch opponent of the partition. Wali Khan was born in 1917 in Charsadda, a town in the North-West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) of British India. He joined his father's Khudai Khidmatgar (Servants of God) movement, a non-violent resistance group that fought against British colonialism and supported Indian independence. He was arrested several times by the British authorities and spent many years in prison.


What is "Facts Are Facts" about?




"Facts Are Facts" is a book that Wali Khan wrote in 1986, based on his personal experiences and observations, as well as historical documents and sources. The book aims to reveal the truth about the partition and its consequences for the people of India, especially the Pashtuns. The book covers various topics, such as:


  • The role of the British government and its policy of divide and rule in creating communal tensions and mistrust between Hindus and Muslims.



  • The role of the Indian National Congress and its leaders, such as Jawaharlal Nehru and Vallabhbhai Patel, in alienating and marginalizing the Muslim minority and ignoring their legitimate grievances.



  • The role of the Muslim League and its leaders, such as Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Liaquat Ali Khan, in exploiting the religious sentiments of the Muslims and manipulating them for their personal ambitions and interests.



  • The role of the Hindu Mahasabha and its leaders, such as Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, in promoting Hindu nationalism and extremism and inciting violence against Muslims.



  • The role of the Sikh community and its leaders, such as Master Tara Singh and Baldev Singh, in supporting the partition and demanding a separate state for Sikhs.



  • The role of the Pashtun community and its leaders, such as Bacha Khan and Abdul Samad Khan Achakzai, in opposing the partition and advocating for a united and secular India.



  • The impact of the partition on the lives, culture, identity, and rights of the Pashtuns, who were divided between Pakistan and Afghanistan.



The book also offers some suggestions for improving the relations between India and Pakistan, such as:


  • Recognizing the historical, cultural, linguistic, and ethnic diversity of both countries and respecting their minorities.



  • Resolving the Kashmir dispute peacefully and democratically according to the wishes of the Kashmiri people.



  • Establishing a confederation or a federation of South Asian states based on mutual cooperation and friendship.



How was "Facts Are Facts" received and criticized?




"Facts Are Facts" was published in 1987 by Vikas Publishing House in New Delhi, India. The book was translated from Urdu to English by Dr. Syeda Saiyidain Hameed, a renowned scholar and activist. The book was a rare and bold attempt to challenge the dominant narrative of the partition and to present an alternative perspective from a Pashtun leader who witnessed the events firsthand. The book was praised by some reviewers and readers for its honesty, courage, and insight. It was also criticized by others for its bias, inaccuracies, and polemics.


Some of the positive reviews of the book are:


  • "A remarkable book that exposes the hollowness of the two-nation theory and the machinations of the British and their Indian collaborators in dividing India on communal lines." - The Hindu



  • "A powerful and passionate account of the partition that reveals the hidden motives and agendas of the various actors involved. Wali Khan writes with conviction and authority, drawing from his personal experiences and historical sources." - The Times of India



  • "A valuable contribution to the literature on the partition that sheds light on the role and plight of the Pashtuns, who were betrayed by both India and Pakistan. Wali Khan writes with clarity and candor, exposing the lies and myths that have been propagated for decades." - The Tribune



Some of the negative reviews of the book are:


  • "A biased and distorted version of history that reflects Wali Khan's anti-Pakistan and pro-India stance. Wali Khan writes with prejudice and malice, ignoring or twisting the facts that do not suit his agenda." - Dawn



  • "A flawed and misleading account of the partition that reflects Wali Khan's ignorance and resentment. Wali Khan writes with confusion and contradiction, relying on dubious or outdated sources that have been refuted by scholars." - The Nation



  • "A bitter and spiteful account of the partition that reflects Wali Khan's frustration and failure. Wali Khan writes with venom and vitriol, attacking or insulting the personalities and institutions that he dislikes or disagrees with." - The News



Why is "Facts Are Facts" relevant and significant?




"Facts Are Facts" is a relevant and significant book for several reasons. First, it offers a rare and authentic account of the partition from a Pashtun perspective, which is often overlooked or ignored in the mainstream discourse. The Pashtuns were one of the most affected communities by the partition, as they were divided between Pakistan and Afghanistan and faced discrimination and violence from both sides. The book sheds light on the history, culture, identity, and rights of the Pashtuns, who have been struggling for their autonomy and dignity ever since.


Second, it challenges the conventional wisdom and myths about the partition and its causes and consequences. The book exposes the role of the British colonialism and its policy of divide and rule in creating communal hatred and mistrust between Hindus and Muslims. It also exposes the role of the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League in betraying the interests of the Indian people and succumbing to the British pressure and manipulation. It also exposes the role of the Hindu Mahasabha, the Sikh community, and other actors in supporting or instigating the partition. The book also repudiates the two-nation theory and its ideological basis, which has been used to justify the creation of Pakistan and its subsequent policies.


Third, it provides some valuable insights and suggestions for improving the relations between India and Pakistan, which have been marred by hostility and conflict ever since the partition. The book advocates for a confederation or a federation of South Asian states based on mutual cooperation and friendship. It also advocates for resolving the Kashmir dispute peacefully and democratically according to the wishes of the Kashmiri people. It also advocates for recognizing and respecting the diversity and pluralism of both countries and their minorities.


Conclusion




"Facts Are Facts" by Wali Khan is a book that reveals the truth behind India's partition and its impact on the people of the subcontinent, especially the Pashtuns. The book is based on the personal experiences and observations of Wali Khan, a prominent Pakistani politician and leader of the Awami National Party (ANP), a secular and nationalist party that represents the Pashtun people of Pakistan and Afghanistan. The book challenges the official narrative of the partition and exposes the hidden motives and machinations behind it. The book also offers some suggestions for improving the relations between India and Pakistan, which have been marred by hostility and conflict ever since the partition. The book is a relevant and significant contribution to the literature on the partition and a must-read for anyone interested in the history and politics of South Asia. d282676c82


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